Vital Signs

UAB Receives Grant to Study Diabetes Self-Care Among Black, Caucasian Teens

The National Institute of Nursing Research has given the University of Alabama at Birmingham (UAB) a four-year, $1.3 million grant to study how parents should encourage responsible self-care in adolescents with chronic illnesses such as diabetes.

African-American Women, Medicaid Moms, Receive Fewer Anesthesia Options

Ethnicity and insurance coverage may determine the kind of anesthesia a woman receives during labor, according to a recent study at the University of New York at Buffalo.

Overweight Characters on TV Shows Popular with African Americans

A new study released by the University of Chicago Children’s Hospital finds TV shows geared toward African-American audiences have more overweight characters and 60% more food commercials than shows that attract a general audience.

Mobile Mammograms Serve AI/NA Women

The Indian Health Service (IHS), an agency in the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS), recently launched a new digital mammography unit, the Mobile Breast Care Center (MBCC), which will improve access to mammography services for American Indian/Alaskan Native (AI/AN) women.

African Americans Missing Out on Stroke Treatment

African-American men and women, who are at a greater risk for strokes and are more likely to die from them than any other racial or ethnic group, face a racial gap in receiving new stroke treatments, according to studies by the American Heart Association.

Book Reviews: 2001

Book review of The Mentor Connection in Nursing, by Connie Vance

Historically Black Nursing School Receives Over $1 Million to Address Nursing Shortage

By the year 2010, more than 40% of the nursing work force will be over the age of 50 and by the year 2020, the demand for nurses will exceed the supply by 20%, according to the Journal of the American Medical Association.

African-American Nurses Honored at “Color of Care” Awards Reception

Exemplary black nurses and organizations who have made significant contributions to the advancement of nursing in such areas as education and military service, philanthropy and health equity and civil rights and organizational development were recently honored...

Coloring Books Inspire Future Minority Nurses

The Bureau of Labor Statistics predicts that jobs for RNs will experience faster-than-average growth through 2006, with job opportunities increasing by 21% in nursing, compared to 14% for all other occupations.

Is Working the Late Shift Hazardous to Your Health?

Hospital nurses working the late shift may have a greater risk of developing heart disease because of the strain placed on the heart from working at night when it would otherwise be resting, according to a new study published in the American Heart Association’s Journal Circulation.

New Breast Cancer Research Could Boost Survival Rate for Minority Women

A recent discovery by Italian scientist Dr. Pier Francesco Ferrucci, a cancer specialist at the European Institute of Oncology in Milan, could help more women survive breast cancer.

Racial Divide for Kidney Transplants

African-American children and adolescents, regardless of gender, geographic location or family income, wait longer than white children for kidney transplants, according to a study from Johns Hopkins University’s Department of Pediatrics published in the October 2000 edition of the Journal of Pediatrics.

New “Two-in-One” Diabetes Drug Works Twice as Hard

“It Takes Two” is the title of a song that was a big hit for the dynamic duo of Marvin Gaye and Tammy Terrell back in the Sixties. It’s also the concept behind an exciting new advance in the treatment of type 2 diabetes, a disease that has reached epidemic proportions in the U.S.

TTY Number Helps Hearing-Impaired Nurses Get Connected With Domestic Violence Information

According to the U.S. Department of Justice, 37% of all women who seek care in hospital emergency rooms for violence-related injuries were hurt by a current or former spouse or partner.

Darker Skin Tones Slow Detection of Lyme Disease

A recent study finds that African Americans who contract Lyme disease are 10% more likely than Caucasians to exhibit symptoms such as neurological or heart problems, and they are 30% more likely to suffer from arthritis as a result of the disease.

Fair Care Act to Help the Uninsured

According to a report by the U.S. Bureau of the Census, although the number of Americans who are without health insurance declined since 1998, Hispanics and other racial and ethnic groups continue to comprise a disproportionate number of the overall uninsured.

African-Americans Twice as Likely as Africans to Develop Alzheimer Disease

A 10-year study conducted in Indianapolis and Ibadan, Nigeria indicates that African-Americans are twice as likely as Africans to develop Alzheimer disease and other dementias.

Study to Determine the Effectiveness of Support Programs on Women with Breast Cancer

Can stress management, social support and exercise have an effect on the overall health of women recently diagnosed with breast cancer? The University of Alabama at Birmingham (UAB) is conducting a study to find out.

Minority Nurse Population: Going Up!

Although the number of licensed registered nurses in the United States increased by more than 5% between 1996 and 2000, this growth rate was much smaller than in previous years, holding little hope of any quick fix for the nation’s worsening nursing shortage.

Pages

Subscribe to Vital Signs